Tuesday, July 1, 2014

Clinical Features and Complications of Diabetic Retinopathy

One of the most common cause of blindness in adults between the ages of 30 and 65  is the diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic microangiopathy causes capillary hypoperfusion and this ischemia of retina.
Clinical Features:
There are following stages
1.       Non-proliferative
·         Microaneurysms
·         Dot blot hemorrhages
2.       Pre-proliferative
·         Cotton wool  spots
·         Venous bleeding
3.       Proliferative
·         Neovascularization of retina and optic  disc
·         Vitreous hemorrhage
4.       Clinically significant Macular oedema
·         Severe macular edema occurs in this stage
·         Retinal detachment because of vitreous hemorrhage
·         Rubeosis iridis
·         Secondary glaucoma
·          Loss of visual acuity

·         Total loss of vision

1 comment:

  1. I was previously unaware of this disease. I actually thought that cataracts was a more common cause of blindness in middle age to elderly patients, but it seems I was wrong. If you have diabetes, then you should get a dilated eye exam once or twice a year to try to prevent this. Thanks for sharing the information on diabetic retinopathy.