Friday, April 18, 2014

The Transmission of HIV

HIV is transmitted through certain bodily fluids like semen, blood, vaginal fluids and breast milk. Infection only takes place when the bodily fluids of an infected person enters the blood stream of another person. The main route of HIV is unprotected sexual intercourse between men and women. HIV can also be transmitted through sharing needles and syringes with the infected person as well as by unsterile body piercing or tattooing. Also, is it can be transmitted from a mother to her child. According to researchers blood transfusions and blood products of pre 1990s can also lead to the transmission of HIV. 

The Difference between HIV and AIDS

In order to explain the difference between HIV and AIDS it is to simply understand that an individual cannot catch AIDs but he can catch HIV. When an individual is infected by HIV this does not necessarily mean that he is suffering from AIDS but if it is left untreated it can affect the immune system and can progress to AIDS.

AIDS is the result of the destruction of immune system by HIV. The immune system fights off infections and other diseases. When the immune system is defected, an individual can suffer from life threatening diseases and cancer. HIV affects and destroys the disease fighting cells of the immune system. The body is then left with weakened defence against disease. 

Thursday, April 17, 2014

What is HIV?

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The virus attacks an individual’s immune system. An individual who is affected by HIV or has positive HIV can live for many years without becoming ill and may not even show symptoms. However, during this time the HIV remains in the body and damages the immune system and the person remains infectious. The individual is able to spread the virus if some basic precautions are not taken. HIV can damage the immune system in such a way that infections may began to occur because of the weakened immune system. When one acquires various viruses due to weakened immune system the person then suffers from AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. In this there is a collection of illnesses. 

What are the Symptoms of Hyperthermia?

Two of the most common symptoms of hyperthermia include heat stroke and heat exhaustion. Heat exhaustion takes place when a person may become thirsty, giddy, weak, uncoordinated, nauseated and is sweating profusely. The body temperature tends to be normal and the pulse is raised or normal. Also, usually in heat exhaustion the skin is either cold or clammy.

On the other hand, heat stroke can be life threatening and a person can also die. A person who has heat stroke, his body temperature is above 104 degrees Fahrenheit. Other symptoms include confusion, bizarre behaviour, faintness, strong and rapid pulse, staggering, and possible delirium or coma. Also high body temperature can lead to irreversible brain damage. 

Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Functions of cholesterol:

Cholesterol is very important molecule in the body and also important in the build-up of the body. It is present in all foods containing animal fat. You can assess the importance of cholesterol in the body by having a look at following functions of cholesterol:
·         Cholesterol is the major component of the cell membranes in all the cells of our body. It maintains the fluidity of the membranes.
·         Cholesterol also provides your body’s cells with the signalling mechanism and nerve conduction.
·         Cholesterol is the precursor molecule in the various intracellular biochemical pathways.
·         Cholesterol is the main component of the bile and helps your body with the digestion of the fats in the body.

·         Cholesterol is the important precursor for the production of vitamin D and steroid hormones in your body.

Foods to avoid for high cholesterol:

Cholesterol is the important building block of the cells in the human body but when you take high cholesterol diet like the high fatty diet then your cholesterol levels do not remain within the normal limit and it poses several harmful effects towards the body. Following are diets that should be avoided by the patients of high cholesterol:
·         You should restrict the diet containing saturated fats e.g. coconut oil, butter, etc.
·         You should avoid trans fats or partially hydrogenated oils.
·         You should limit the intake of the fatty meat or red meat because these are the sources of the high cholesterol in the body.
·         Egg yolk should be avoided.
·         Milk products should be avoided that contains more than 1% fats.
·         You should use olive oil instead of the margarine or butter on bread.

·         Fast foods like hamburgers, fried chicken should be avoided because they are high in saturated fats. 

Monday, April 14, 2014

Allergic Reactions: what is normal and what is not

Allergies are common and are usually not life threatening. But there are cases of anaphylaxis which is a severe allergic reaction and needs immediate medical treatment.

Children who have mild allergy will have symptoms like watery and runny eyes, runny nose, sneezing, nasal congestion, itch rash or hives. These symptoms may not be serious but may become severe if a child has a history of asthma or severe allergic reaction.

A person is tend to suffer from severe allergy which is also called anaphylaxis. The symptoms include difficulty in breathing, hive, swelling of the throat, face, lips or tongue, wheezing, hoarseness, pale or flushed skin, sweating, abdominal pain, low blood pressure, nausea and dizziness or fainting.  

Health Conditions that Mimic Asthma

Just because an individual is coughing, wheezing or having difficulty in breathing, this does not mean that he suffers from asthma. There are several other diseases that have the same symptoms as asthma. Conditions that mimic asthma include sinusitis which is another name of sinus in which there is inflammation or swelling of sinuses. Often sinus and asthma coexist. Myocardial ischemia is another condition in which there is inadequate blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. Symptoms may include heart pain but also shortness of breath. Another disease called gastroesophageal reflux disease which is also known as GERD in which stomach content and acid flows back to the oesophagus and causes frequent heartburn. Heartburn can also cause asthma symptoms.  

Sunday, April 13, 2014

How To Choose The Most Effective Anti-Inflammatory Medications

The drugs that bring you relief when you are dying with pain are called the anti-inflammatory medications or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. But, choosing an effective anti-inflammatory medication requires the understanding of the following:

  •  The first thing that you should know is how effective an anti-inflammatory medication will be on you. For example, if you have a headache and you decide to go for nonselective anti-inflammatory drugs then you should know when headache pill can bring relief to you. Moreover, you should also know that long term use of nonselective anti-inflammatory medication can cause you stomach ulcers. So choose wisely!

  • The selective anti-inflammatory medication directly target COX-2 an enzyme that causes inflammation. As compared to nonselective anti-inflammatory medications, the selective medications doesn't cause stomach ulcers. 

  • The intake of anti-inflammatory medication can cause you stomach upset, headache, vomiting and dizziness. So be careful when buying one. Getting in touch with your doctor may prove helpful. 

Saturday, April 12, 2014

How to tell that if you have asthma

There a lot of people out there who say that they have asthma when in fact they do not. Symptoms of asthma come and go. Persistent coughing is a common sign of lung disease. Coughing is a major feature of asthma. Wheezing is also a feature of asthma. Wheezing takes place even though a person does not suffer from cold. Inflammation in nose is also a symptom of asthma. Inflammation in nose is called allergic rhinitis. Eczema which is an allergic skin condition is also a symptom of asthma. Also asthma can be evaluated by an individual’s own medical history, family history and certain tests conducted on an individual’s lungs.