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Friday, July 25, 2014

MMR (Measles, Mumps, & Rubella) Vaccination

MMR refers to the combination of three vaccines into a single injection that includes measles, mumps, and rubella. This MMR vaccination protects the body against from above mention life-threatening diseases. MMR vaccination is highly recommended to be given during childhood years especially before the child begin schooling. Children ages 12-15 months and 4-6 years are required to have two doses of MMR or shots.

Adult ages 18 years and above or those born after 1956 must received at least 1-shot or dose of this MMR vaccination especially:

• When haven't receive any MMR shot before.
• Those who are not sure if already receive MMR shot during their childhood years.

Fertile women who haven’t receive any MMR vaccination must undergo blood test to determine their body's immune systems against from measles, mumps, and rubella. If found out to be highly at risk of acquiring these diseases, their oblige to receive MMR vaccine right away. Pregnant women and those who want to get pregnant in the next four weeks to come are not allowed to be vaccinated with MMR to prevent any complication during the pregnancy period.

Thursday, July 24, 2014

The Toxoid Vaccines

Those bacteria that capable of secreting toxins or serve as harmful chemicals, perhaps toxoid vaccine is the solution. Vaccines usually use when bacterial toxin is mainly cause by certain illness. Scientists recently found an inactive toxin through formalin treatment. This solution commonly mixes with sterilized water and formaldehyde. Detoxified toxins known as toxoids are safe to use in vaccination. When immune systems receive certain vaccine that contains harmless toxoid, this treatment solution learns to fight off against from any natural toxin. The immune systems of human body are capable of producing antibodies that lock and block toxins in the body. Vaccines against from tetanus and diphtheria are just mere examples of what is known as toxoid vaccines.

Monday, July 21, 2014

The Conjugate Vaccines



If certain bacterium had an external sugar molecule coating known as polysaccharides that outnumber harmful bacteria, researchers usually try of creating conjugate vaccine on this matter.

Polysaccharide coating usually disguise as bacterium antigens to unrecognized or prevent the response of immature immune systems to children and infants. This conjugate vaccine serves as special classification of what is known as subunit vaccine that able to provide solution on polysaccharide coating function.

In creating conjugate vaccine, scientists able to link the antigens or known as toxoids from a certain microbe that help immune systems of infants to recognize this polysaccharides. This linkage support immature immune systems to react with this polysaccharide coating and make sure to defend the body against from any bacterium or causing-disease.

Friday, July 18, 2014

Ebola Virus Isolating Lives

Spread of virus in the African countries has not only killed hundreds of lives, but has also brutally affected lives of the survivors.The virus that kills almost 90% of the people it affects is making really difficult for people to live a sound life after getting cured of it the reason being myths, lack of information and fear among the masses who have failed to understand the basic of the virus so far. Although international researchers and scientists have already been deployed in the affected the region, survival or people affected with the virus will also be needing psychological aid as misunderstanding about the virus and its consequence has to some extend left people alone. Many people affected with the virus has lost jobs and societal status only because of the virus. There is a need to support the survivors and help them in reliving their lives.      

Ebola Virus And It's Challenges

Ebola Virus a form of hemorrhagic fever whose symptoms are diarrhea, vomiting and bleeding has killed more than 600 people in Western Africa countries. Scientists and medical professionals from all over the world have failed to put a control on the wide-spread virus since its outbreak in February. The virus contagious in nature is getting really difficult to eliminate in the affected regions owing to factors such as lack of trust in medical science among people of the region and lack of information about the virus among people.
Ebola has spread through several West African countries, including Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea. The virus can be transmitted by touch and kills almost 90% of people it affects. 

Cardiac Arrest in Children

Cardiac arrest in children is typically caused by respiratory failure or circular shock or both. Arrest is also caused by coronary artery disease which is rare in children when compared to adults. Ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation accounts for around five to twenty percent cardiac arrests out-of-hospital and approximately around ten percent are in-hospital arrests. Not much is known about care for children but it is highly recommended that the parents or the guardians should take care of the critical elements which include managing body temperature, glucose, blood pressure, ventilation and cardiac output. Survival in cardiac arrest is higher in hospitals as hospitals have specialized paediatric staff. 

Tuesday, July 15, 2014

The Discovery Of Ovarian Cancer Treatment

Last Friday, the scientists in University of Arizona Cancer Center (St. Joseph’s Hospital and Medical Cancer of Phoenix, U.S.A.) found out a new treatment for patients suffering ovarian cancer. Based on sciencelive.com, the recent discovery support in developing the response rates of tumor shrinkage and prolonging the duration of cancer recurs.

Scientists refers their discovery as new and exciting journey to unravel the effectiveness in treating the recurrent ovarian cancer. To many, recurrent ovarian cancer is a deadly disease that needs appropriate and efficient treatment.

Based on the recent discovery, this breakthrough shows a trending development of survival. Though, the data gathered haven’t reached to maturity. Ovarian cancer appears when the formation of tumor takes place in single or both ovaries. Also, ovarian cancer usually term as silent killer because of the invisible symptoms and becomes visible when reaches on the advanced stage.

Sunday, July 13, 2014

Symptoms of Cardiac Arrest

It strikes suddenly and without any warning. In cardiac arrest there is a sudden loss of responsiveness. The individual will not respond when he is tapped on the shoulders. He does not do anything when asked if he is fine or not. There is no normal breathing when cardiac arrest takes place. The victim does not take normal breath when the head it tilted up. The person with victim should check this for at least five seconds. If the signs of cardiac arrest are present one should call 911 first. He should then immediately get an automated external defibrillator (AED) if it is available. He should also begin CPR immediately. He should continue to do this till the medical services arrive. Use AED as soon as it arrives. 

About Cardiac Arrest

Cardiac arrest is also known as the sudden cardiac arrest. It is an abrupt loss of heart function in a person who may or may not have been diagnosed with a heart disease. The time and the mode of death are unexpected as it occurs shortly after the symptoms appear. Cardiac arrest is caused when the heart’s electrical system malfunctions. In cardiac arrest death occurs when the heart suddenly stops working properly. The lower chambers of the heart suddenly start beating chaotically and stop pumping blood. Death occurs within minutes when the heart stops. Cardiac arrest may be reversed if CPR is performed and defibrillator is used to shock the heart and restore a normal heart rhythm within a few minutes.


Facts On Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depression. This mental illness is distinguished by severe swaying of mood, repeated period of depression, and somehow mania episode occur. Patients having this mental condition usually experience of being extremely irritated, happy, or sad.

Symptoms:


• Lack of self control
• Impatience
• Moody and irritable
• Highly involve in social activities but easily loss of pleasure to take part.
• Easily get distracted
• Poor judgment
• Sleepiness or oversleep
• Fatigue
• Feeling of hopelessness
• Always not in mood or being in the state of grief
• Lack of self confidence
• Difficulty in concentrating, making any decision
• Easily forget
• Eating problems (loss of appetite, overeating, easily loss or gain weight)
• High risk to commit suicide

Treatment:


• Mood stabilizers
• Antipsychotic drugs
• Sedative-hypnotics (benzodiazepines especially Klonopin or Ativan)
• Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
• Talk therapy – Having support group being with them